Indoor air quality is an important factor to consider in any indoor environment. However, many people don’t know about the potential issues that can cause unhealthy indoor air. Poor indoor air quality poses serious health risks, ranging from respiratory problems and headaches to severe complications like asthma and allergies.

To protect ourselves and our families, we must first understand what causes poor air quality inside buildings so we can work toward preventing and correcting these issues. From moisture accumulation to inadequate ventilation systems, here are some factors that could increase the risk of poor indoor air quality in your home or workplace.

1. Dust and Dander

Dust and dander are two of the top factors that can significantly contribute to indoor air pollution. These particulates can lead to various issues, such as allergies, respiratory problems, and even an increased risk of lung cancer. Dust is made up of tiny particles from things like pollen and debris. It can accumulate quickly if a home or workplace does not have adequate HVAC support.

Dander, which consists of animal fur and skin, can be an issue for those who own pets. To reduce the risk of dust and dander in your indoor air, frequently vacuum carpets and furniture, use dust-reducing curtains or blinds to cover windows and doors, and regularly change furnace filters.

Additionally, keep your pets away from the bedroom and other areas where people spend a good deal of time. If allergies or asthma are an issue, air purifiers can help decrease the amount of dust and dander circulating in your home or office.

2. Poor Ventilation

Adequate ventilation is essential for proper air circulation, as it helps push out stale air while bringing in fresh air from the outside. Without this air exchange, indoor air quality may become stagnant and polluted with carbon dioxide (CO2) buildup. This can cause headaches, fatigue, and shortness of breath.

Open windows to increase airflow and reduce CO2 levels, or use exhaust fans in kitchens and bathrooms to expel odors and humidity. If you feel your ventilation system is insufficient or not working properly, consider having it inspected by a professional for potential repair or upgrade.

3. Moisture Accumulation

Moisture accumulation can become an issue in any indoor area that experiences high humidity levels. This can include basements, bathrooms, and laundry rooms. This excess moisture can lead to mold growth and mildew buildup, triggering allergies and worsening other health problems.

To mitigate this risk, address any water leaks or plumbing issues immediately, choose materials resistant to moisture for home construction projects, and use dehumidifiers to reduce indoor air humidity levels.

4. Chemical Pollutants

In addition to organic pollutants, such as dust and dander, chemical pollutants significantly threaten indoor air quality. Paint fumes, cleaning products, and building materials can all contribute to air pollution inside the home or office, especially when used in poorly ventilated areas.

Choose natural alternatives that contain fewer volatile organic compounds (VOCs) whenever possible. Additionally, use fans or open windows when using hazardous chemicals indoors. This will help increase ventilation and reduce the risk of breathing in toxic fumes that could cause long-term health problems.

5. Radon

Radon is an odorless and colorless gas produced from the breakdown of uranium in soil and rocks. It has the potential to seep into homes through cracks or gaps in the foundation of a structure. If left unchecked, this radioactive gas could harm indoor air quality and cause long-term health risks.

The best way to reduce radon levels inside a home or office is to test your property for leaks. From there, you can install proper ventilation systems or seal any cracks in the foundation with a specialized radon mitigation system. Additionally, regular testing will help detect changes in radon levels and provide peace of mind that your indoor air is safe.

6. Poor HVAC Maintenance

HVAC systems regulate temperature, humidity, and air quality within our homes and workplaces. However, if improperly maintained, they can become breeding grounds for dust and other air pollutants.

Be sure to schedule regular inspections of your HVAC system to ensure it functions correctly and efficiently. Cleaning ducts, changing filters, and replacing worn-out parts are essential to maintaining good indoor air quality and comes with many other benefits for your system. Also, be mindful of any strange odors or sounds coming from the system. This problem can indicate an issue that needs to be addressed. For HVAC maintenance in San Diego and the surrounding areas, Comfort Bros Heating, Air & Plumbing can assist.

7. Carbon Monoxide

Carbon monoxide is produced from the combustion of fuel sources such as natural gas and gasoline. It is especially dangerous because it can build up in enclosed spaces without detection. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning can range from mild to more serious symptoms, such as dizziness and nausea.

If you suspect a potential carbon monoxide leak, call emergency services immediately. Install an alarm system that will alert you whenever levels become too high. You should also ensure that you have professionals regularly service all of your major appliances. Following these steps will help prevent accidental exposure to this dangerous pollutant.

8. Tobacco Smoke

The chemicals in cigarette smoke include tar, carbon monoxide, and benzene. They can linger in the indoor air and irritate the eyes, nose, and throat. More importantly, exposure to secondhand smoke has been linked to lung cancer and other respiratory illnesses. Even if you’re not a smoker yourself, it’s important to be aware of the effects of tobacco smoke in the air around you so you can take steps to ensure that you and those around you are breathing in clean and healthy air.

Prohibiting smoking in enclosed spaces and properly disposing of used tobacco products help reduce the levels of smoke pollution in your work environment. It’s also important to be mindful of where people are smoking. Smoking outside can often lead to smoke coming back inside; through windows or on a person’s clothing or body.

9. Asbestos

Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral fiber that can contribute to poor indoor air quality. Small fibers are released into the air when asbestos materials break down or are disturbed. They can be inhaled, leading to serious health issues such as lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis. Buildings built before the 1980s will most likely contain asbestos-containing materials such as insulation, ceiling and floor tiles, and popcorn ceilings.

While intact and undisturbed, asbestos-containing materials do not pose a significant risk. However, asbestos fibers can become airborne during renovations and cause severe health problems for exposed individuals. It’s essential to hire a professional asbestos inspection and removal team if you suspect the presence of asbestos in your home or workplace.

Pollutants such as carbon monoxide, tobacco smoke, and asbestos can greatly impact indoor air quality. While some contaminants are not always easily detected, they can cause various health issues if exposure is prolonged enough. To protect your family from poor indoor air quality, it’s important to stay informed of potential risks and take preventive measures that include installing an alarm system or banning smoking in enclosed spaces.

At Comfort Bros Heating, Air & Plumbing, we provide a wide range of services that include indoor air quality testing, heating installation, maintenance, and repairs. We are your trusted experts in ensuring clean and healthy indoor air for you and your family. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help you maintain the best air quality possible in your home.

Meet the Author
Nicholas Gildark
Nicholas Gildark

Nicholas Gildark is a San Diego native who comes from a tight knit family and enjoys spending time with them. Nicholas is engaged to his beautiful fiance Allison Velasquez. The two of them recently purchased a home.
company icon